Monthly Archives: April 2011

Off to Staffordshire, so no ~ Sorting Saturday

We’re taking the kids off to a theme park in Staffordshire.  I am hoping we’ll get up there in time tomorrow to visit the Black Country Living Museum, but it depends on how organised we are in the morning (ie. what time we leave!)

Today I’ve been trying to follow up a Staffordshire ancestor.  Unfortunately, all I know is that he was born around 1831 in Staffordshire.   Nothing else.  I’ve been checking census records, determining which George Tunn[e|i]cliff[e] was born around the right time, and then disappeared off the face of the earth, according to the England census records, and emigrated to New Zealand in 1857.

I have one likely suspect, born in Checkley, Staffordshire.  I wonder if I can wangle a little detour there?

Percy Luxton ~ Wordless Wednesday

Percy Luxton

Percy Luxton

Percy working his passage out to Bermuda

Percy Luxton (reverse)

Wordless Wednesday is an ongoing series at GeneaBloggers.

Peter Michael Gaffaney ~ ANZAC

They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them.1

Peter Michael Gaffaney (on left)

Peter Michael Gaffaney (on left)

Peter Michael Gaffaney was born in Dunedin, New Zealand on 14 September 1892, son of Francis Gaffaney (Belper, Derbyshire) and Catherine Brosnahan (Co Kerry, Ireland).  He was single, and an indentured carpenter for Wanganui builders Ashwell & McAvery(?) in Wanganui.  He was living at The Pines, 68 St Hill Street, Wanganui at the time of enlistment.  His brother, Francis Dominic Gaffaney, jeweller, of Wanganui, was listed as his next-of-kin.

Peter Gaffaney enlisted on 29 May 1915 at Trentham, having undergone his medical examination on 6 May 1915.  His medical examination describes him being 5 foot 7 inches, weighing 132lb and having a dark complexion, blue eyes, and dark brown hair.  His religious profession was Roman Catholic.  He was assessed fit, despite being rejected as unfit previously because of “bad teeth”.  (They were described as “fair” in this assessment.)

Peter Gaffaney’s service reckons from 29 May 1915.  On enlistment he joined B Coy, 2nd Battalion 3rd  NZ Rifle Brigade as a Rifleman with the regimental number of 24/431.

1915

He left Wellington on 8 October, disembarking in Egypt on 18 November 1915

21 November  he joined the Western Frontier Force

1916

17 January he proceeded to Ismailia.

4 January at Ismailia Camp he was confined to barracks for 3 days for “Hesitating to obey an order”

6 April he embarked for France from Alexandria.

16 October  he became sick and was admitted to hospital with diarrhoea on 21 October.

11 November he rejoined unit.

28 November he was again admitted to hospital.

2 December he rejoined unit

1917

9 June he was appointed Lance Corporal

30 June he was admitted to hospital with influenza

7 July he rejoined unit

4 August he was detached to Lewis Gun School

18 August he rejoined unit

13 October he was promoted to Corporal

13 October he was detached to Reinfot? Camp

21 October he rejoined unit

24 November he was detached on leave to UK

1 December he was promoted to Sergeant

15 December he rejoined unit

1918

22 February he was detached on leave to UK

9 March he rejoined unit

5 April  he was wounded in action and died en route to hospital from shell wounds to face and neck

 

On 31 May 1918 Peter Gaffaney was awarded the Military Medal for Acts of Gallantry in the Field.2

He is buried at Louvencourt Military Cemetery, Louvencourt, Somme, France, Plot 1, Row D, Grave 21

Peter Michael Gaffaney was my first cousin three times removed – the cousin of my great grandfather, Peter Dominic Gaffaney.

Links

 

  1. Binyon, Laurence, “For the Fallen”, poem, written c1914, 4th stanza.
  2. Archives NZ, “GAFFANEY, Peter Michael – WW1 24/431 – Army”; digital image, Archway (http://www.archway.archives.govt.nz/ViewFullItem.do?code=16784539 : accessed 26 Nov 2010)

Hitting the books ~ Sorting Saturday

I had a couple of kid-free hours today, so I could tackle some assignment work.  This current block of assignments are all focussed on family records, and I’m currently drafting an appraisal of the records I have in my possession, and how they’ve helped (or hindered) me in my research.  I also did a little work on the third assignment – my grandfather’s biography – adding some more information to the timeline I’ve created, and making notes where more research is required.  I need to incorporate significant historical events into the biography, and found some great timelines for New Zealand history online.  Hopefully I may also be able to source some New Zealand history books through my local library, otherwise I’m kinda relying on the internet.

I had great plans to do more organising of my Stuff today, but that fell by the wayside.  I’m motivated more to start planning a research trip to Yorkshire in the summer.  With three young kids in tow, it will be “interesting”.

On Monday, I’m hoping to visit the London Family History Centre if I can get myself sorted with a research plan before then.   It requires a bit of a search through their catalogue to see what records they have that might be useful – I know they have Casey’s O’Kief, Coshe Mange, Slieve Lougher and Upper Blackwater in Ireland on microfilm, for example, which may help me greatly with my Co. Kerry ancestors.

The Luxtons sail the seas

Some of the photographs Lavinia sent her brother Alexander (my great grandfather) were ones taken in Bermuda.  What on earth was she doing there?  When I went searching two years ago, I’m sure I found her and her family in an outgoing passenger list from England on Ancestry – did I get a copy?  It appears not.  And can I find the list now?  No, I can not.  I wonder if I just imagined it?

However, last year at WDYTYA? Live in London, I snaffled a spot on the Ancestry stand and had fifteen minutes free access to their records, and discovered the family in an incoming passenger list, returning from Bermuda to England.

William John Luxton (41), Lavinia Ellen Luxton (42), Eileen Mary Luxton (15) and Lavinia Alexa. Luxton (11) sailed from the West Coast of South America with the Pacific Steam Navigation Company vessel Oropesa, arriving in Liverpool, England on 30 December 1924.  They travelled 2nd class, and William is listed as a “Civil Servant.”1

What were they doing in Bermuda?  What could have brought them out there? And why did they return?

Searching again on Ancestry today, I found another record – a Declaration of Passenger to Canada (Form 30A) from William John Luxton.2 He sailed from England on 26 June 1921 on the S.S. Minnedosa, “On passage to Bermuda”.  He declared that he was 38, married, and that his wife was not travelling with him.  His occupation is “Storehouseman”, the same as in the 1911 census.  Further down the form it asks:

12. By whom was your passage paid? H.B.M Admiralty

14. Destined to H. M. Victualling Yard Bermuda

So, that answers a couple of questions at least.  I wonder if Lavinia and the children followed on their own later, or if he travelled back to bring them over?  Lavinia is listed as his nearest relative “in country from which [he] came”, living at 48 All?? Road, Deptford, London SE8.

She must have travelled over fairly soon afterwards, as she sent her brother Alex photographs of herself, and her daughters, taken in 1922.

Eileen and Lavinia Luxton, February 1922, Bermuda

Eileen and Lavinia Luxton, February 1922, Bermuda

Eileen and Lavinia Luxton, February 1922, Bermuda (reverse)

Eileen and Lavinia Luxton, February 1922, Bermuda (reverse)

Still, how did William get a job in Bermuda? He was working for the Admiralty in 1911, so maybe it was a job transfer?

From Bermuda Maritime Museum‘s website:

The British naval base at the western end of Bermuda was constructed as a direct result of the independence of the English American colonies in 1783, when the British were left without a base between Halifax and the West Indies. The British soon identified Bermuda as a strategic mid-Atlantic location where a secure anchorage for the Navy’s fleet and a dockyard, victualling yard and ordnance depot to maintain the ships could be developed.

In 1795 a base was commissioned in the island’s east end at St. George’s, but it soon proved inadequate and the area known as Ireland Island in the west end was purchased by the Navy for the major naval base. Construction of the North America and West Indies Station, as the base eventually became known, began in 1809 and continued into the early 20th Century. Construction of the Dockyard–including its breakwaters, fortifications, storehouses, workshops, and barracks–was a monumental effort that involved large land reclamations and the labour of thousands of convicts from Britain.

And what exactly was the Victualling Yard? From Blair Howard’s Adventure Guide Bermuda:

The Victualling Yard was the heart of naval operations within the Dockyard. It was here that food and supplies were prepared and stored. The yard is surrounded by a high, stone wall to keep supplies safe from pilferage. Today, it has become a park within a park. Where once hundreds of British seamen ran back and forth across the stone-flagged yard there are now trimmed lawns and benches surrounded by the ruins of massive stone warehouses.

 

According to The Companion to British history by Charles Arnold-Baker, a naval yard was established in Deptford around 1490. But later “as the navy had increasingly to adopt a world role.. Deptford became a victualling yard..” So, seems to make sense that he may have worked at the Deptford yard, become well-regarded, and grabbed an opportunity to work in Bermuda.

I came across a research guide to military  records regarding the Naval Dockyards held at the National Archives, but all seem to be for much earlier time periods.  Will have to keep my eyes peeled for later records, to see if I can discover anything more about the family’s time out there.

And here’s Aunt Lavinia again, bless her heart (and her photo captions!):

Lavinia Luxton, Bermuda 1924

Lavinia Luxton, Bermuda 1924

  1. “UK Incoming Passenger Lists, 1878-1960″, digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.co.uk/ : accessed 27 Feb 2010); from The National Archives, Class: BT26; Piece: 762; Item: 77.
  2. “Canada, Ocean Arrivals (Form 30A), 1919-1924″, digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.co.uk/ : accessed 22 Apr 2011), declaration of passenger to Canada, 1921, William John Luxton, 249; Microfilm Reels: T-14939 to T-15248.

God Bless You, Aunt Lavinia! ~ Thankful Thursday

Handed down to my mother from her Aunt Audrey were a collection of photographs and postcards that had belonged to Audrey’s father, Alexander Wright, my mother’s grandfather.  My mother and I didn’t know who most of the people were in the photos, but Alexander’s sister (and my great great aunt) Lavinia and her green pen helped me solve several mysteries!  She wrote on the back of many of the photographs, often with a distinctive green pen, so even the ones that she hadn’t signed with her name, it was clear who the writer was.  And she obviously had corresponded regularly with my great grandfather as the postcards are mostly from her.

Yesterday I posted a photograph from Lavinia, presumably sent to Alexander.  Doing a quick Google search, I found a reference to an old poster appealing for help on “France’s Day” – the date of the appeal was July 14, 19151.  So now I have an approximate date for my photo!

I’m not sure who the two boys are with her – one is most probably Percy, Lavinia’s son (and Alexander’s nephew), who would have been around eleven.

Lavinia Ellen Wright was born around 1883.  I’ve been unable to find her birth registration in the GRO indexes on FreeBMD, though there is a likely candidate registered in the September quarter in Greenwich that year, but with the name Lottie Elizabeth Wright.

In 1891 Lavinia is living with her parents and siblings in Deptford, London, and then seems to disappear for the 1901 census.  However, in 1902 she marries William John Luxton2, and by the time the 1911 census rolls round, she’s at 42 Ravensbourne Road in Forest Hill living with husband William, their son Percy (7) and daughter  Eileen (1)3.

(The census data has been mis-transcribed on findmypast – Lavinia is listed as ‘son’ of William with a birth date of 1904, so I couldn’t find her initially until I searched on her husband’s name.  Her son Percy doesn’t appear in the transcription.  It’s obvious the two lines of data – Lavinia’s and Percy’s – have been combined into one entry, and I’ve notified findmypast.)

Percy William’s birth was registered in the September quarter 1903 in Greenwich.  Eileen Mary’s birth was registered in the September quarter 1909 in Lewisham.  And I found another daughter registered in the September quarter 1913 – Lavinia Alexandra.4

Lavinia (Alexandra), Percy & Eileen Luxton, May 1923

Lavinia (Alexandra), Percy & Eileen Luxton, May 1923

Lavinia (Alexandra), Percy & Eileen Luxton, May 1923 (reverse)

Lavinia (Alexandra), Percy & Eileen Luxton, May 1923 (reverse)

I love this woman! If only all our family photographs had been captioned in this way.  Many thanks to my dear aunt.

Thankful Thursday is an ongoing series at GeneaBloggers.

  1. The 2FunAdGuyz.com, WORLD WAR I NURSE POSTER FRENCH RED CROSS DAY;
    http://www.the2funadguyz.com/wowarinupofr.html : accessed 20 Apr 2011.
  2. “England & Wales, FreeBMD Index: 1837-1983,” database, FreeBMD (http://www.freebmd.org.uk/cgi/search.pl : accessed 29 Nov 2010), marriage entry for William John Luxton and Lavinia Ellen Wright; citing Mar 1902 [quarter] Greenwich 1d [vol] 1395 [page].
  3. “1911 England Census, William John Luxton (age 27) household, Forest Hill, London,” findmypast, (http://www.findmypast.co.uk/ : accessed 20 Apr 2011), citing PRO RG14/2838, Lewisham registration district, Sydenham sub-registration district, ED 32, household 225, 02 Apr 1911.
  4. “England & Wales, FreeBMD Index: 1837-1983,” database, FreeBMD (http://www.freebmd.org.uk/cgi/search.pl : accessed 29 Nov 2010), birth entries for Percy William Luxton (citing Sep 1903 [quarter] Greenwich 1d [vol] 1034 [page]), Eileen Mary Luxton (citing Sep 1909 [quarter] Lewisham 1d [vol] 1155 [page]), and Lavinia Alexandra (citing Sep 1913 [quarter] Greenwich 1d [vol] 1835 [page]).

Lavinia Wright ~ Wordless Wednesday

Lavinia Wright (date unknown)

Lavinia Wright (date unknown)

Lavinia Wright (date unknown) - Reverse

"This is how we sold the flags on France's day for the French red cross love from us all" (postcard to Alexander Wright)

Wordless Wednesday is an ongoing series at GeneaBloggers.

Ephraim Wright

Mary Jane‘s second husband was my great great grandfather, Ephraim Wright.  He was born on January 8th 1860 in Polstead, Suffolk, England.1 His parents Benjamin Wright and Mary Ann Peggs had married on October 23rd 1858 in Boxford, Suffolk – Benjamin’s home town.2

I haven’t been able to find Ephraim and his parents in the 1861 census, though there are a couple of likely candidates for his father, both of whom are in jail!

The family turn up in the 1871 census at Potash Lane, Polstead, Suffolk. Along with his parents Benjamin 40 and Mary A 37, the 11 year old scholar Ephraim is living with his 8 year old brother Arthur.3


View Polstead & Boxford, Suffolk in a larger map

At the time of the 1881 census, I think he is living at 56 Railway Grove, St Paul Deptford.  There is an Ephraim Wright, 21,  labourer, living with a 63 year old widower by the name of George Boxhall, who is also a labourer.  Ephraim’s birth place is given as Suffolk.4 It’s possible this is not my man  – there are several other Ephraim Wrights born in Suffolk around – but given that this is a year before he marries Mary Jane in a neighbouring area, I think it’s likely to be the right one.

On March 13th, 1882 he marries Mary Jane Freeth (formerly Clark) at St Stephen’s church, Lewisham, Kent.  At the time he was living at Brookbank Road, Lewisham, and his occupation is “Fitter”.5

By 1891, Ephraim and Mary Jane and five children are living at 11 Alvar Street in Deptford. Thirty year old Ephraim’s  occupation is listed as General Labourer and Mary Jane (35) is a Laundress.6 The children are:

  • Mary Freeth 14, Ephraim’s stepdaughter,  Mary Jane’s daughter from her previous marriage, born Meath, Ireland
  • Lavinia Wright 8, daughter, born Deptford
  • James A  Wright 6, son, born Deptford
  • Joseph Wright 4, son, born Rotherhithe, Surrey
  • Ephraim G Wright 2, son, born Deptford

My great grandfather Alexander was born just after the census, on June 27th 1891.

Sadly, Ephraim died three years later at the age of 34 on November 26th 1894 at the South Eastern Hospital in Deptford.  His address was given as 23 Berthon Street, Deptford, and occupation “Engine fitter”.7 (By the time his son Alexander marries in 1917, Ephraim’s occupation has been upgraded to “Engineer”.)

The cause of death was Enteric Fever, another name for typhoid, “a common worldwide illness, transmitted by the ingestion of food or water contaminated with the feces [sic] of an infected person… The impact of this disease fell sharply with the application of modern sanitation techniques.”8

I’d love to find out where Ephraim was in 1861.  If his father was in jail, where would his mother have gone with a baby?  I did search a couple of years ago, looking at his mother’s family to see if she’d gone there, but found nothing.  Time to have another hunt.  I also want to know what his father was in jail for, if indeed that’s where he was.

And why did Ephraim move away from Suffolk?  I would think it would be because of work, or lack thereof.  Maybe following up what happened to his brother Arthur could offer some clues.

I also want to check out the places Ephraim was living in against the Charles Booth poverty maps of London, to see what kind of housing it was, what it might have been like.

  1. England, birth certificate for Ephraim Wright; 08 Jan 1860, Cosford, Suffolk; citing 1860 Mar [quarter] 04a [vol] 456 [page], General Register Office, Stockport.
  2. England, marriage certificate for Benjamin Wright and Mary Ann Peggs; 23 Oct 1858, Boxford, Suffolk; citing 1858 Dec [quarter] 04a [vol] 925 [page], General Register Office, Stockport.
  3. “1871 England Census, Benjamin Wright (age 40) household, Polstead, Suffolk,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.co.uk/ : accessed 11 Sep 2008), citing PRO RG10/1723, folio 96, p 2 & 3, GSU roll: 830763, Cosford registration district, Hadleigh sub-registration district, ED 19, household 11, 02 Apr 1871.
  4. “1881 England Census, George Boxhall (age 63) household, St Paul Deptford, London,” Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.co.uk/ : accessed 11 Sep 2008), citing PRO RG11/708, folio 58, p 16, GSU roll: 1341165, Greenwich registration district, St Paul Deptford sub-registration district, ED 34a, household 81, 03 Apr 1881.
  5. England, marriage certificate for Ephraim Wright and Mary Jane Freeth; 13 Mar 1882, Lewisham; citing Mar 1882 [quarter] 01d [vol] 1019 [page], General Register Office, Stockport.
  6. “1891 England Census, Ephraim Wright (age 30) household, St Paul Deptford, London,” Ancestry.com, (http://www.ancestry.co.uk/ : accessed 01 Oct 2010), citing PRO RG12/494, folio 67, p 63, GSU roll: 6095604, Greenwich registration district, St Paul Deptford sub-registration district, ED 2, household 323, 05 Apr 1891.
  7. England, death certificate for Ephraim Wright; 26 Nov 1894, Greenwich; citing Dec 1894 [quarter] 01d [vol] 552 [page], General Register Office, Stockport.
  8. Wikipedia “Typhoid fever”, article, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Typhoid_fever accessed: 2 April 2011.

Stuff and censuses ~ Sorting Saturday

Some of the blog posts I’ve been reading lately have inspired me to start tackling some of my stuff that’s Not Been Dealt With. For instance, while writing yesterday’s post I realised most of the census records I have collected are just images on my computer, a few have been transcribed, none have been printed out, and only a couple have made it into my Reunion family file.

What to do? I wonder what everyone else does?

This afternoon I have been printing off census images, then transcribing the information onto blank UK census sheets from Ancestry. I’ve also noted down any extra citation information like date accessed and GSU roll. Once done, I place both pages back to back in a clear punch pocket and file away in my surname ring binders. This is going to take some time, but I figure if I do a bit every Saturday, it’ll get completed eventually. And then there’s adding all the information into Reunion as well, which I probably need to do as I go, or it will become a nightmare job!

Two books I had requested from the library turned up this week – more background reading for my course work: The Female Line – Researching your Female Ancestors by Margaret Ward, and Family Photographs & How to Date Them by Jayne Shrimpton. I met Jayne at Who Do You Think You Are? Live back in February and she dated a photograph for me, so I’m looking forward to reading about how she does it.

And in other news, I passed my first two assignments! (I’m studying towards the Higher Certificate in Genealogy with the Institute of Heraldic and Genealogical Studies). I received a B+ for my autobiography and an A- for my Seize Quartiers (drop-line pedigree chart up to my 16 great great grandparents). It was great to get the comments back before I finish my next lot of assignments. I’m currently working on my paternal grandfather’s biography, need to get cracking on that.

Sorting Saturday is an ongoing series at GeneaBloggers.

Where o where?

Where did my lovely Mary Jane come from?

I can’t seem to find her on any census until she turns up in 1891 in Deptford, Kent, when she’s married to my great great grandfather, Ephraim Wright. Her birthplace is given as “Ireland – Monaghan”.1

In the 1901 census, now a widow and living with two of her sons, her birthplace is listed as “Fermanagh, Ireland”.2 Hmmm… these counties are right next to each other, though Fermanagh is (now) in Northern Ireland and part of the United Kingdom, and Monaghan is in the Republic of Ireland.

According to the newspaper clipping I have, she was “born of Irish parents in Belfast”.3 That’s a wee way away from either Fermanagh or Monaghan! Perhaps there was some creative licence used by the article’s author…?

And my cousin Lalli says “she was born and raised in Armagh”.4 So, that’s another county! I’d like to trust Lalli’s information because she knew Mary Jane personally, but it doesn’t seem to tie in with anything else. I guess Mary Jane could have been born in one place, and then raised in Armagh?

I had been trying to find her in the 1911 census under her married name of Carroll, but not having a subscription to Find My Past meant it would be an expensive credit-chewing exercise checking all the Carrolls in the area. Last night I decided to bite the bullet and sign up – and I found her!

At 37 Prince Street, Deptford, on census night in 19115 were:

  • John Carroll – Head – 62 – General Labourer
  • Mary Carroll – wife – 55 – Household work
  • Joseph Wright – son – 24 – Telegraph Clerk
  • George Archer – Boarder – 27 – Foundry Labourer
  • Hilda Cavender – Boarder – 17 –  Tea Factory
  • Bridget Carroll – Visitor – 30 – Nurse St Pancras Infirmary
  • Cecelia Stokes – Visitor – 26 – Nurse Children’s Infirmary

(I wonder if Bridget is perhaps a niece of John’s?)

Anyway, back to the task at hand.  Mary Jane’s birthplace in the 1911 census is…. “Roslea Monaghan Ireland”.  At last a townland!!  Doing a search using Google maps I found a Roslea/Rosslea in Fermanagh, just near the border of Monaghan, so that makes a lot of sense.  I guess the next step is to find out the actual parish, and then go about hunting down a birth or baptism record.

View Roslea, Co Fermanagh in a larger map

I’d love to know where Mary Jane was brought up, where she lived until she turns up in Deptford in the 1891 census.   On her second husband’s (Ephraim Wright, my great great grandfather) death certificate, the informant was Joseph Sullivan “brother-in-law”.6 Now, I’ve only ever found a brother for Ephraim, so I wasn’t sure it would have been a sister’s husband.  I figured it was more likely that it was a husband of a sister of Mary Jane’s.  But, you never know, it could have meant a lot of things back then!  So, I searched around and came across a marriage record for a Joseph Sullivan and an Annie Clarke.7 Bingo!  (Well, not gold-plated proof, but I’m an optimist at heart.)  And then last week I listened to my taped interview with my cousin Lalli (after 20 years) and she talked about a Great Aunt Annie, sister of her grandmother Mary Jane, who married an “Irishman”, Joseph.  So, what’s the point of all this rambling?  In the 1901 census, Annie is living with her husband Joseph (Blacksmith, born Sheerness, Kent)  and nephew Joseph Wright (so I know I have the right family), and her birthplace is “Scotland”. 8 Looking back at the 1891 census, I found Annie living with husband Joseph (Smith [and?] Farrier, born Sheerness, Kent), and her birthplace is listed as “Scotland. Edinburgh”.9

So Mary Jane is born around 1856 in Roslea, and by around 1859 the Clark(e)s are in Edinburgh for Annie’s birth.  Somehow Mary Jane is back in Ireland (Co Meath) for her daughter Mary’s birth1, and then in Aldershot for son Percy’s birth10.  Sometimes I wish my ancestors would just STAY PUT in one village for a few centuries.  I guess travel is in the genes.

Now, if I can just pin down Annie’s birth in Scotland, I may find Mary Jane’s mother’s name. O Scottish records, how I do love thee!

  1. “1891 England Census, Ephraim Wright (age 30) household, St Paul Deptford, London,” Ancestry.com, (http://www.ancestry.co.uk/, accessed 01 Oct 2010), citing PRO RG12/494, folio 67, p 63, GSU roll: 6095604, Greenwich registration district, St Paul Deptford sub-registration district, ED 2, household 323, 05 Apr 1891.
  2. “1901 England Census, Mary Clark Wright (age 45) household, St Nicholas Deptford, London,” Ancestry.com, (http://www.ancestry.co.uk/, accessed 2010), citing PRO RG13/526, folio 118, p 60, Greenwich registration district, North Deptford sub-registration district, ED 18, household 300, 31 Mar 1901.
  3. “An Imperial Service Family”, undated clipping from unidentified newspaper; digital image, scanned May 2009 from original held by [NAME AND ADDRESS FOR PRIVATE USE]; inherited from Audrey Dearness, Gisborne, NZ.
  4. Alice (Lalli) Coppinger (Lomita, California), interviewed Dec 1991; audiotape privately held by author. Coppinger, now deceased, was granddaughter of Mary Jane.
  5. “1911 England Census, John Carroll (age 62) household, St Nicholas Deptford, London,” findmypast, (http://www.findmypast.co.uk/, accessed 14 Apr 1911), citing PRO RG14/2640, Greenwich registration district,  Deptford East sub-registration district, ED 17, household 300, 02 Apr 1911.
  6. England, death certificate for Ephraim Wright; 26 Nov 1894, Greenwich; citing Dec 1894 [quarter] 01d [vol] 552 [page], General Register Office, Stockport.
  7. “England & Wales, FreeBMD Index: 1837-1983,” database, FreeBMD (http://www.freebmd.org.uk/cgi/search.pl : accessed 2010), marriage entry for Joseph Patrick Sullivan and Annie Clarke; citing Sep 1883 [quarter] Greenwich 1d [vol] 1487 [page].
  8. “1901 England Census, Joseph Sullivan (age 39) household, Bermondsey, London,” Ancestry.com, (http://www.ancestry.co.uk/, accessed 2010), citing PRO RG13/395  folio 105, p 2, St Olave Southwark registration district, Bermondsey sub-registration district, ED 52, household 12, 31 Mar 1901.
  9. “1891 England Census, Joseph Sullivan (age 29) household, Camberwell, London,” Ancestry.com, (http://www.ancestry.co.uk/, accessed 2011), citing PRO RG12/492, folio 62, p 48, Camberwell registration district, St George sub-registration district, ED 26b, household 678, GSU roll: 6095602, 05 Apr 1891.
  10. England, birth certificate for Percy Freeth; 31 Aug 1878, Farnham; citing Sep 1878 [quarter] 2a [vol] 111 [page], General Register Office, Stockport.